Author's Name: Philip Ledger
Date: Sat 14 Mar 2020

Water & Sanitation March 2020


Perhaps one of the more daunting aims of Rotary is to address this problem worldwide with their goal of “Sanitation for all by 2030”

There are two areas we will look at.

The first is our own club’s involvement in the Zambia project led by Peter Durrant with the aid of a Rotary Grant from the Rotary Foundation and with the cooperation of many people here and abroad. He plans to be off over there later this month to view the progress, which has already resulted in one source of free flowing clean water and will, possibly, include another.

The second is the worldwide coronavirus outbreak

This is a real problem and goes further than the mass purchasing of toilet rolls from Australian supermarkets. This disease is being treated seriously worldwide and rightly so.

A few clues for your information:

  1. If you have a runny nose and sputum you have a cold
  2. Coronavirus pneumonia is a dry cough with no runny nose
  3. The new virus hates heat and will be killed by a temperature of 26/27 degrees outside a host
  4. if someone sneezes with it, it takes about ten feet before it drops to the ground
  5. If it drops on a metal surface it will live for 12 hours, wash your hands after contacting metal surfaces
  6. On fabric it lasts 6 – 12 hours. Normal laundry detergent will kill it
  7. Drinking warm water is effective for all viruses. Try not to drink liquids with ice.
  8. Wash your hands frequently, the virus can only live 5 – 10 minutes, on your body, but a lot can happen in that time.
  9. Gargle is good, use warm water with a pinch of salt
  10. Drink plenty of water, wash your hands often and thoroughly with soap and water or with alcohol wipes.


  1. The virus infects the throat first, the sore throat lasts 3 – 4 days.
  2. The virus then blends into a nasal fluid that enters the trachea, and then the lungs, causing pneumonia. This takes a further 5 – 6 days
  3. With the pneumonia comes high fever and difficulty in breathing
  4. Nasal congestion increases so you feel you are drowning.

Seek urgent medical attention

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